-to wish-

Nota d'uso
Il verbo della proposizione retta da to wish (def. 4) è al congiuntivo passato oppure è preceduto da would.
1 Il congiuntivo passato è usato per esprimere un desiderio la cui realizzazione non dipende dalla volontà del soggetto della subordinata: I wish I had more time to read (o I wish I could have more time to read), vorrei avere più tempo per leggere, magari avessi più tempo per leggere!; I wish you didn't suffer so much, vorrei che non soffrissi così; I wish I were (o was) rich, come vorrei essere ricco!
È possibile anche usare il past perfect: I wish I hadn't drunk so much, se solo avessi bevuto di meno!
2 would è usato per esprimere il desiderio che il soggetto della subordinata compia l'azione specificata: I wish he would be quiet, come vorrei che stesse zitto!, magari stesse zitto!, se stesse un po' zitto!; I wish you would trust me, vorrei che ti fidassi di me, se solo ti fidassi di me!
would può anche essere usato parlando del tempo o di macchine, ecc., come se avessero una propria volontà: I wish it would stop raining, come vorrei che smettesse di piovere, se solo smettesse di piovere! (ma, dato che si riferisce a uno stato di cose e non a un'azione, si dice I wish it weren't so cold today, vorrei che non facesse così freddo oggi).
La costruzione I wish I would non è possibile (I wish I would work less), come pure la costruzione wish + would have + participio passato (I wish I wouldn't have drunk so much).

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

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